Data Licenses and Providers
Each dataset provided through GeoQuery comes from public, open datasets; however, the licenses governing each dataset are determined by the source data provider. Metadata is provided to enable users to appropriately cite data sources with every data request put through the GeoQuery system.
We release most products produced by the GeoQuery team under one of three licenses:
Data - While we produce relatively little primary data, all databases we create as a part of the GeoQuery tool, related standards, and procedures for creating those databases insofar as they are considered a part of the data are licensed under the Open Data Commons Attribution License. The Open Data Commons Attribution license is a license agreement intended to allow users to freely share, modify, and use this Database subject only to attribution requirements.
Software - All software produced by the GeoQuery project is licensed following the MIT license. In cases where software copyrights belong to specific individuals on the project, such copyrights are noted on those software repositories.
Copyright (c) 2019 Seth Goodman, Dan Runfola, Ariel BenYishay
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
Documentation - Documents produced by the GeoQuery project are made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Public License, except where we are prohibited to do so. In cases where a document (i.e., an Academic Publication) is governed by a different license, it is explicitly noted.
The GeoQuery tool, including boundary data, aid data, and other data are provided for informational purposes. Data is often sourced from public repositories and does not reflect the views of The College of William and Mary, AidData, or their employees. GeoQuery provides data for users and it is up to users to use data responsibly for research; the tool and raw data are not to be considered as advice or guidance on issues or activities related to its content. The tool and data are subject to revision based on changes in source data, best practices, processing methodology changes, and general improvements. Commercial use of this tool and data are prohibited. The tool and data are provided "as is" without any representations or warranties as to their accuracy, completeness, performance, merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose. The entire risk associated with the results and performance of the tool and data is assumed by the user. The College of William and Mary, and all their partners shall not be responsible or liable to you for any loss or damage of any sort incurred in connection with your use of the tool and data.
Contributors to the GeoQuery Dataset
Inspired by the data federation model of the Research Applications Laboratory, GeoQuery is made possible through the voluntary contributions of data from dozens of institutions, ranging from government-funded agencies to universities and other research groups. Without these contributors, GeoQuery would not be possible. Each data extraction requested through GeoQuery provides full metadata on the sources of data - if you don't cite us, at least cite them!
Types of Data Providers
Data are contributed to the project following three tiers of engagement:
Passive Data Providers - Many research labs make their datasets openly available via FTP or other mechanisms. In these cases, our scripts periodically download the data from these sources.
Active Data Providers - In some cases, datasets are not openly available on the web. In these instances, we work directly with data providers to acquire relevant datasets for inclusion into GeoQuery.
Primary Data Providers - Being based out of the AidData research lab, we work with affiliates of AidData to directly collect and include novel information into GeoQuery (with a primary focus on the geographic location of international aid interventions).
List of Data Providers
UMD Global Land Cover Facility
The Global Land Cover Facility (GLCF; http://glcf.umd.edu) provides earth science data and products to help everyone to better understand global environmental systems. In particular, the GLCF develops and distributes remotely sensed satellite data and products that explain land cover from the local to global scales. They are involved in the production of most of the land cover datasets currently available in GeoQuery. While we passively collect data from the GLCF, researchers within the facility have worked closely with us to help overcome and understand limitations of the data.
AidData (www.aiddata.org) is a research lab based at William and Mary dedicated to tracking and analyzing flows of international aid. All of the information regarding international aid currently in GeoQuery is provided by AidData. AidData is a primary data provider to GeoQuery, and GeoQuery itself is based out of AidData.
NOAA Earth Observation Group
The NOAA EOG has provided nighttime lights imagery, including the DMSP and VIIRS data series. While a passive data provider, NOAA scientists have provided us with coefficients for the DMSP products to make them more comparable over time.
UDEL Global Climate Resources
UDEL is a passive data provider to GeoQuery. They describe themselves as: In response to increasing demand, the UDEL Global Climate Resource site (http://climate.geog.udel.edu/~climate/) was developed primarily by Kenji Matsuura and C. Willmott to help distribute easily and widely the gridded climate data sets, documentation and related publications produced by Willmott, Matsuura and collaborators. Support from NASA is most appreciated, as is the many fundamental contributions made by colleagues and former graduate students. David Legates, Scott Robeson, Clint Rowe, Johan Feddema, Scott Webber, Mike Rawlins, Petra Zimmermann, Yale Mintz and Charlie Vorosmarty all have made significant contributions.
Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project
ACLED is a passive data provider to the GeoQuery project. They describe themselves as follows: ACLED (Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project) is designed for disaggregated conflict analysis and crisis mapping. This dataset codes the dates and locations of all reported political violence and protest events in over 60 developing countries in Africa and Asia. Political violence and protest includes events that occur within civil wars and periods of instability, public protest and regime breakdown. The project covers all African countries from 1997 to the present, and South and South-East Asia in real-time.
Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP)
UCDP is a passive data provider for the GeoQuery project. They describe themselves as follows: The Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) has recorded ongoing violent conflicts since the 1970s. The data provided is one of the most accurate and well-used data-sources on global armed conflicts and its definition of armed conflict is becoming a standard in how conflicts are systematically defined and studied.