Working Paper
23

Elite and Mass Support for Foreign Aid Versus Government Programs: Experimental Evidence from Uganda

Date Published

May 1, 2016

Authors

Michael G. Findley, Adam S. Harris, Helen V. Milner, Daniel Nielson

Publisher

Citation

Findley, Michael G., Adam S. Harris, Helen V. Milner, and Daniel Nielson. 2016. Elite and Mass Support for Foreign Aid Versus Government Programs: Experimental Evidence from Uganda. AidData Working Paper #23. Williamsburg, VA: AidData at William & Mary.

Update: A revised version of this paper has been published in International Organization.

Announcement

Does foreign aid enable or constrain elite capture of public revenues? Building on prominent debates in the foreign aid literature, we examine whether recipient preferences are consistent with a view – called here donor control theory – that foreign donors wield substantial control over the flow of aid dollars, making elite capture more difficult and mass benefits more likely. We compare elite and mass support for foreign aid versus government spending on development projects through a survey experiment with behavioral outcomes on members of the Ugandan national parliament and a representative sample of Ugandan citizens. For two actual aid projects, we randomly assigned different funders to the projects. Significant treatment effects reveal that members of parliament support government programs over foreign aid, whereas citizens prefer aid over government. Donor control theory also implies that citizens should favor foreign aid more and elites less as their perceptions of government clientelism and corruption increase. We explore this and report on other alternative mechanisms. Effects for citizens and elites are most apparent for those perceiving significant government corruption, supporting donor control theory.

Mike Findley

Mike Findley

Assistant Professor of Government at the University of Texas at Austin

Helen Milner

Helen Milner

B. C. Forbes Professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University

Dan Nielson

Dan Nielson

Professor and Associate Chair of Political Science at Brigham Young University

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