Locating foreign aid commitments in response to political violence
Dec 1, 2016
Paul Bezerra, Alex Braithwaite
Bezerra, P., & Braithwaite, A. (2016). Locating foreign aid commitments in response to political violence. Public Choice, 169(3-4), 333-355. doi:10.1007/s11127-016-0377-9
Following a recent trend towards disaggregation in studies of foreign aid and political violence, we evaluate the determinants of foreign aid sub-nationally. We focus our attention upon political violence as a key subnational determinant of aid commitments and argue that donors commit aid to areas with recent political violence in the hope of ameliorating need and bolstering stability. This being the case, however, we contend not all areas experiencing violence are equally likely to receive aid commitments. This is because potential donors are faced with a dilemmaÑbalancing risk and rewardÑthat leads them to question whether they can effectively deliver aid to areas under conditions of extreme violence. We test these two hypotheses and provide confirmation for them in the context of bilateral aid commitments to local areas within Sub-Saharan African states experiencing civil war between 1990 and 2007.