Journal Article

Rogue aid? An empirical analysis of China's aid allocation

Date Published

Mar 22, 2016


Axel Dreher and Andreas Fuchs



Dreher, A. and Andreas Fuchs. 2015, Rogue aid? An empirical analysis of China's aid allocation. Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, 48: 988–1023.


Foreign aid from China is often characterized as “rogue aid” that is guided by selfish interests alone. We collect data on Chinese project aid, food aid, medical staff and total aid money to developing countries, covering the 1956–2006 period, to empirically test to what extent self-interests shape China's aid allocation. While political considerations shape China's allocation of aid, China does not pay substantially more attention to politics compared to Western donors. What is more, China's aid allocation seems to be widely independent of recipients' endowment with natural resources and institutional characteristics. Overall, denoting Chinese aid as “rogue aid” seems unjustified.

Funding: This research is part of the Foreign Aid of Emerging Donors and International Politics project, supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DR 640/4‐1).

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Featured Authors

Axel Dreher

Axel Dreher

Professor of Economics and Chair of International and Development Politics at Heidelberg University

Andreas Fuchs

Andreas Fuchs

Professor of Development Economics at the University of Goettingen

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