Journal Article

Aid and Growth at the Regional Level

Date Published

Jan 1, 2015


Axel Dreher, Steffen Lohmann


Oxford Review of Economic Policy


Dreher, A., & Lohmann, S. (2015). Aid and growth at the regional level. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 31(3-4), 420-446. doi:10.1093/oxrep/grv026

Note: A version of this article was previously published as an AidData Working Paper.


This paper brings the aid effectiveness debate to the sub-national level. We hypothesize the non-robust results regarding the effects of aid on development in the previous literature to arise due to the effects of aid being insufficiently large to measurably affect aggregate outcomes. Using geo-coded data for World Bank aid to a maximum of 2,221 first-level administrative regions (ADM1) and 54,167 second-level administrative regions (ADM2) in 130 countries over the 2000Ð11 period, we test whether aid affects development, measured as night-time light growth. Our preferred identification strategy exploits variation arising from interacting a variable that indicates whether or not a country has passed the threshold for receiving the International Development AssociationÕs concessional aid with a recipient regionÕs probability of receiving aid, in a sample of 478 ADM1 regions and almost 8,400 ADM2 regions from 21 countries. Controlling for the levels of the interacted variables, the interaction provides a powerful and excludable instrument. Overall, we find significant correlations between aid and growth in ADM2 regions, but no causal effects.

Funding: This paper is part of a research project on macroeconomic policy in low-income countries supported by the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID).

Featured Authors

Axel Dreher

Axel Dreher

Professor of Economics and Chair of International and Development Politics at Heidelberg University

Related Datasets

No items found.

Related Blog Posts

No items found.

Related Events

No items found.