Distortions in Aid Allocation of United Nations Flash Appeals: Evidence from the 2015 Nepal Earthquake
Apr 30, 2019
Vera Z. Eichenauer, Andreas Fuchs, Sven Kunze, Eric Strobl
Eichenauer, V., Fuchs, A., Kunze, S., & Strobl, E. (2019). Distortions in Aid Allocation of United Nations Flash Appeals: Evidence from the 2015 Nepal Earthquake. AidData Working Paper #71. Williamsburg, VA: AidData at William & Mary.
Update: A revised version of this paper has been published in World Development.
We examine the role of local need and various distortions in the design and implementation of United Nations flash appeal triggered in response to the destructive 2015 Nepal earthquake. Specifically, we investigate the extent to which the allocation of this humanitarian assistance follows municipalities’ affectedness and their physical and socioeconomic vulnerabilities, as rapidly reducing suffering is the intended goal of flash appeals. We then analyze potential ethnic, religious, and political distortions. We alternatively consider the proposed project number, the proposed financial amount, and the subsequent funding decision by aid donors. Our results show that aid allocation is associated with geophysical estimates of the disaster’s destructiveness, but shows little regard for the specific socio-economic and physical vulnerabilities conditional on destruction. It is worrisome that the allocation of the flash appeal commitments favors municipalities dominated by higher castes and disadvantages those with a greater distance to the Nepali capital Kathmandu.
This working paper was updated in May 2019.
Development projects in Nepal
Nepal AIMS Geocoded Research Release, Version 1.4.1
This dataset includes all geocoded projects from Nepal's Aid Management Platform (AMP). It tracks over $5.9 billion in commitments for 475 projects across 20,952 locations between 1997 and 2014.
2015 Nepal Earthquake Response
Nepal Earthquake Geocoded Research Release, Version 1.0
This geocoded dataset release represents all projects in UNOCHA's 2015 flash appeal for the Nepal earthquake available from the Financial Tracking Service (FTS) at fts.unocha.org as of February 19, 2016. It tracks $280,218,108.00 in geocoded disbursements spread across 156 projects in 852 locations during 2015.