Apples and Dragon Fruits: The Determinants of Aid and Other Forms of State Financing from China to Africa
Feb 1, 2018
Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs, Bradley C Parks, Austin M Strange, Michael J Tierney
International Studies Quarterly
Dreher, A., Fuchs, A., Parks, B., Strange, A. M., & Tierney, M. J. (2018). Apples and Dragon Fruits: The Determinants of Aid and Other Forms of State Financing from China to Africa. International Studies Quarterly, 62(1), 182-194. doi:10.2139/ssrn.2855935
Note: A version of this article was previously published as an AidData Working Paper.
Chinese 'aid' is a lightning rod for criticism. Policy-makers, journalists, and public intellectuals claim that Beijing uses its largesse to cement alliances with political leaders, secure access to natural resources, and create exclusive commercial opportunities for Chinese firms — all at the expense of citizens living in developing countries. We argue that much of the controversy about Chinese 'aid' stems from a failure to distinguish between China's Official Development Assistance (ODA) and more commercially oriented sources and types of state financing. Using a new database on China's official financing commitments to Africa from 2000 to 2013, we find that the allocation of Chinese ODA is driven primarily by foreign policy considerations, while economic interests better explain the distribution of less concessional flows. These results highlight the need for better measures of an increasingly diverse set of non-Western financial activities.
Professor of Economics and Chair of International and Development Politics at Heidelberg University
Co-Director of the Global Research Institute and Hylton Professor of Government and International Relations at the College of William & Mary
Chinese Official finance to Africa
AidData's Chinese Official Finance to Africa Dataset, 2000-2013, Version 1.2
The 1.2 version of AidData's Chinese Official Finance to Africa Dataset tracks 2,647 development finance activities in Africa from 2000 to 2013. The data includes both Chinese aid and non-concessional official financing.
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