Global China Data
AidData's Global Chinese Official Finance Dataset, 2000-2014, Version 1.0Download
For charts and maps visualizing the global dataset, visit our project homepage on China's Global Development Footprint.
This dataset tracks the known universe of overseas Chinese official finance between 2000-2014, capturing 4,373 records totaling $354.4 billion. The data includes both Chinese aid and non-concessional official financing. For geolocated data on Chinese project locations, see AidData's Geocoded Global Chinese Official Finance Dataset, Version 1.1.1.
For academic purposes:
Dreher, A., Fuchs, A., Parks, B. C., Strange, A., & Tierney, M.J. (2021). Aid, China, and Growth: Evidence from a New Global Development Finance Dataset. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy 13(2), 135-74.
Dreher, A., Fuchs, A., Parks, B. C., Strange, A., & Tierney, M.J. (Forthcoming). Banking on Beijing: The Aims and Impacts of China’s Overseas Development Program. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
*Please note: Both works count as the official citation for this dataset.
For other (non-academic) purposes:
AidData. 2017. Global Chinese Official Finance Dataset, Version 1.0. Retrieved from http://aiddata.org/data/chinese-global-official-finance-dataset.
(Most Current Version)
(Most Current Geocoded Version)
Natural Resource Concessions
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This dataset captures the known universe of officially-financed Chinese projects in 5 regions of the world from 2000-2014 (including Africa, the Middle East, Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Central and Eastern Europe). It includes concessional and non-concessional sources of funding from Chinese government institutions (including central, state or local government institutions) with development, commercial, or representational intent. More specifically, it captures (a) highly concessional, Chinese development projects that meet the OECD’s criteria for Official Development Assistance (ODA); and (b) officially-financed Chinese projects that lack development intent or are provided with higher interest rates and lower grant elements (i.e. projects that fall within the OECD’s criteria for “Other Official Flows”, or OOF). Chinese ODA represents “Chinese aid” in the strictest sense of the term, but Chinese official finance (ODA and Other Official Flows) is sometimes used as a broader definition of aid. AidData’s dataset allows users to disaggregate Chinese official finance into its constituent parts and determine if they wish to use a narrow or broad definition of aid. This dataset builds off of previous work to track Chinese Official Finance in Africa (versions 1.0, 1.1, 1.1.1, and 1.2).
TUFF—'Tracking Underreported Financial Flows'—is a rigorous, replicable methodology that triangulates open-source information to systematically create project-level data detailing official finance originating from opaque donors and lenders. For high-level guidelines on the TUFF methodology, please see AidData's TUFF Methodology, Version 1.3 document. For specific, step-by-step instructions used by AidData researchers to arbitrate project records, please see the AidData TUFF Coder Instructions, Version 1.3 document.
Funding: This research was funded through generous support from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, Humanity United, the Academic Research Fund of Singapore’s Ministry of Education, and the German Research Foundation (DFG) for ”The Economics of Emerging Donors in Development Cooperation” project at Heidelberg University (DR 640/5-1 and FU 997/1-1).
Geocoded China Data
AidData's Chinese Official Finance to Africa Dataset, 2000-2012, Version 1.1.1
This is a sub-nationally georeferenced dataset of Chinese official finance activities that spans 50 African countries over the 2000-2012 period. It includes 1,952 Chinese development finance projects across 3,545 physical locations.
Chinese Official Finance to Africa
AidData's Chinese Official Finance to Africa Dataset, 2000-2011, Version 1.0
The 1.0 version of AidData's Chinese Official Finance to Africa dataset tracks 1699 development finance activities in Africa from 2000 to 2011. The data includes both Chinese aid and non-concessional official financing.
Chinese Development Cooperation in Africa
AidData's Chinese Official Finance to Africa Dataset, 2000-2012, Version 1.1
The 1.1 version of AidData's Chinese Official Finance to Africa dataset tracks 1,955 development finance activities in Africa from 2000 to 2012. The data includes both Chinese aid and non-concessional official financing.
Chinese Official finance to Africa
AidData's Chinese Official Finance to Africa Dataset, 2000-2013, Version 1.2
The 1.2 version of AidData's Chinese Official Finance to Africa Dataset tracks 2,647 development finance activities in Africa from 2000 to 2013. The data includes both Chinese aid and non-concessional official financing.
Aid, China, and Growth: Evidence from a New Global Development Finance Dataset
Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs, Bradley Parks, Austin M. Strange, Michael J. Tierney
AidData's TUFF Methodology, Version 1.3
Austin M. Strange, Mengfan Cheng, Brooke Russell, Siddhartha Ghose, and Bradley Parks
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